Golden Retrievers are an intelligent breed of dogs that are very popular in the United States. Their ability to learn quickly makes them ideal for hunting dogs, and they also frequently serve as companion dogs, guide dogs, service dogs, and search and rescue dogs. Golden Retrievers are classified as Sporting Dogs by the AKC.
The Golden Retriever breed is primarily a hunting dog breed. Active, alert, and self-confident, these strong animals love the outdoors.
Golden Retriever's Behavior
Recommended for: Family Companion, Guide Dogs
The Golden Retriever breed is known as being friendly, reliable, and trustworthy. Golden Retrievers generally show little hostility towards other dogs or people in normal situations. They are widely considered affectionate and especially good with children.
Golden Retriever's Dog Breed Characteristics
Golden Retrievers are known for their beautiful golden coat, which can range in color from dark to light gold. Their long, sleek coat requires regular grooming in order to maintain a healthy appearance. Since the Golden Retriever's coat is water repellant, it provides a natural layer of protection when the dog is working outdoors for sporting activities. This breed was originally developed in the Scottish Highlands during the late 19th century. Lord Tweedmouth developed the breed with the goal of creating a talented retriever suited to the terrain and climate found in Scotland.
Golden Retriever's Physical Characteristics
Here are the characteristics of the Golden Retriever breed as determined by the American Kennel Club's published breed standard.
Size: Males 23-24 inches; females 21?-22? inches
Coat: Dense and water-repellent
Eyes: medium large with dark, close-fitting rims, set well apart.
Skull: Broad, slightly arched
Muzzle: straight in profile
Nose: black or brownish black
Golden Retriever's Origins and History
Country/Region of Origin: United Kingdom
Original purpose: hunting
Historical notes: The breed was originally developed in Scotland, at “Guichan”, near Glen Afric, the highland estate of Sir Dudley Majoribanks (pronounced “Marchbanks”), later Lord Tweedmouth. In 1952, Majoribanks' breeding records from 1835 to 1890 were published, ending the controversy as to Golden Retrievers' ancestry. A yellow-colored male, Nous, and a Tweed Water Spaniel female, Belle, were the original Adam and Eve of the Golden Retrievers.