|About the Saint Bernard dog breed:|
The Saint Bernard is a large breed. They can weigh between 150 to 200 pounds. Saint Bernards can have a smooth, short coat or a long, rough coat. The dominant color of the coat is whit. Common secondary coat colors are red, brown, black, and tan. Their fur is always very dense. Their face droops at the eyelids. The Saint Bernard is an ancient breed that dates back to 980 AD. The breed is named after Saint Bernard de Menthon, however they were not refered to as Saint Bernards until the middle of the 19th Century.
Previously they were called “Saint Dogs”, “Alpenmastiff”, “Barry Dogs” and often just “Saints”. They are descendents of the Tibetan Mastiff. Great Danes and Great Pyraness were later introduced to the mix. Saint Bernards were first used as herding, hunting, and as watch dogs. They are most commonly associated with being avalanche rescue dogs which they were first used for in the middle of the 19th century. They have coats that enable them to withstand extremely cold weather. It is also said that they have the ability to forsee storms.
The Saint Bernard is a very gentle and kind hearted breed. Despite their size they are not agressive or dangerous. They do extremely well in homes with children. They are easy to train and very obedient. Loyalty is in their nature. They are more intellegent than most breeds. They can be great gaurd dogs because they have a keen sense of hearing and smell.
Saint Bernards are more prone to some diseases and disorders than other breeds. Hip dysplacis frequently occurs as they get older. Heart problems can afflict this breed, especially if they are overweight. The breed is prone to bloating and should be fed several small meals a day rather than one large one. Saint Bernards ofter suffer from twisted stomachs.
Saint Bernard puppies should have limited exercise. A Saint Bernard puppy grows very large very quickly and should not have excessive strain on their bones and muscles during the developmental stage. Short walks and short periods of playtime are best until they are about two years old. When a Saint Bernard becomes older longer walks and longer playtimes are necessary.
Special Grooming Needs
Both short and long coated Saint Bernards are easy to groom. Brushing a few times a week and bathing when necessary will keep a Saint Bernard’s coat healthy and clean. They shed twice a year and may require more attention during those times.